Charles Hapgood notes that "Julsrud was a shrewd businessman and he now made a deal with Tinajero that is very important for our story. He hired a Mexican farmer, Odilon Tinajero, to dig in the area where the ceramic figurines were found and bring him any other similar objects. Modern cells do not assemble themselves from preformed constituents, and they would not have done so in the past. Using the basic ideas of bracketing and radiometric dating, researchers have determined the age of rock layers all over the world. In , Arthur Young submitted two of the figurines to Dr. Typically commonly occurring fossils that had a widespread geographic distribution such as brachiopods, trilobites, and ammonites work best as index fossils. These results corroborated established paleontological theories that assert that these fossiles presumably were 'washed away' over long periods of time by ground water, replacing the original bones with other substances such as the minerals naturally present in the water, implying that this sample could not tell you anything about when a dinosaur lived or rather, died. This is something I already point out in the video: Senior research scientist Alexander Cherkinsky specializes in the preparation of samples for Carbon testing. These standards are universally recognized as the highest level of quality attainable by a testing laboratory. Some of the isotopes used for this purpose are uranium, uranium and potassium, each of which has a half-life of more than a million years.
In fact, the article by Leppert raises a number of additional issues e. The objects he held in his hand were distinctively different than any other known Indian culture. Each of the clay pieces had been individually made, without molds, skillfully sculptured, and carefully decorated. Certain parts of bone look like a sponge under the microscope. In this answer, I will try to go through this story in great detail, hopefully exposing the reasons why this work is not taken seriously by scientists. The main point of the debate seems to be the following: The difference between a puzzle and a mystery is that the former can be solved within the framework of known principles, while the latter cannot. To determine the ages of these specimens, scientists need an isotope with a very long half-life. Amazingly, the Julsrud dinosaur figurine matches the color drawing of an Amargasaurus cazaui in the Japanese dinosaur book. Dinosaur bones, on the other hand, are millions of years old -- some fossils are billions of years old. This is a remarkable find because collagen, being a soft tissue present in most animals, is supposed to decay in a few thousand years. Hence, there is a very substantial bit of research in these particular pieces Young, Dr Rainey said: Radiocarbon dating just helps us zero in on a more precise estimate. For the present, we are in limbo. If the fossil you are trying to date occurs alongside one of these index fossils, then the fossil you are dating must fall into the age range of the index fossil. When an animal or plant dies, it no longer takes in carbon of any form. We then scrape the outer surface off to get rid of surface contamination, and date the inner remaining material. We define the rate of this radioactive decay in half-lives. Charles Hapgood notes that "Julsrud was a shrewd businessman and he now made a deal with Tinajero that is very important for our story. The committee decided to terminate Armitage. This can often be complicated by the fact that geological forces can cause faulting and tilting of rocks. All plants and animals have a regular intake of carbon while they are alive. Senior research scientist Alexander Cherkinsky specializes in the preparation of samples for Carbon testing. So when he received another bone sample from the Paleochronology group, he returned it to sender and sent an email saying: In the case of dinosaur fossils, Hugh Miller and his group of creationists claim to have obtained radiocarbon dates on endogenous sources of carbon This is recommended by a carbon-dating laboratory specialist.
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