In the beginning some films mixed some of these new devices with the borrowed US Western devices typical for most of the —64 Spaghetti Westerns. Sergio Leone, one of the most representative directors of the genre. This was seen in Leone's next two Westerns, with their emphasis on unstable partnerships. Impact of A Fistful of Dollars[ edit ] The Spaghetti Western was born, flourished and faded in a highly commercial production environment. They are often interpreted as a leftist critique of the typical Hollywood handling of Mexican revolutions, and of imperialism in general. Western-style diligent farmers and Spaghetti Western-style bounty hunters. Likewise, and in contrast to the contemporary German Westerns, few films feature Indians. Other "cult" items are Cesare Canevari 's Matalo! Comedy Westerns[ edit ] In , the wave of Spaghetti Westerns reached its crest, comprising one-third of the Italian film production, only to collapse to one-tenth in Django , an avenger and a con-man The Dirty Outlaws , an outlaw posing as a sheriff and a bounty hunter Man With the Golden Pistol and an outlaw posing as his twin and a bounty hunter posing as a sheriff Few Dollars for Django. For example, in Sergio Corbucci 's Minnesota Clay that appeared two months after A Fistful of Dollars , an American style "tragic gunfighter" hero confronts two evil gangs, one Mexican and one Anglo, and just as in A Fistful of Dollars the leader of the latter is the town sheriff. This marked the beginning of Spain as a suitable film shooting location for any kind of European western. Sabata and If You Meet Sartana Pray for Your Death , directed by Gianfranco Parolini , introduce into similar betrayal environments a kind of hero molded on the Mortimer character from For a Few Dollars More , only without any vengeance motive and with more outrageous trick weapons. The exception is Giorgio Capitani 's The Ruthless Four — in effect a gay version of John Huston 's The Treasure of the Sierra Madre — where the explicit homosexual relation between two of its male main characters and some gay cueing scenes are embedded with other forms of man-to-man relations through the story. Many of these films enjoyed both good takes at the box office and attention from critics.
The humor started in those movies already, with scenes with comedic fighting, but the Barboni films became burlesque comedies. The theme of age in For a Few Dollars More , where the younger bounty killer learns valuable lessons from his more experienced colleague and eventually becomes his equal, is taken up in Day of Anger and Death Rides a Horse. The Stranger is essentially, the Woman with No Name, with a motorcycle instead of a horse. They are opposed by an unstable partnership between a whistle-blower Giuliano Gemma and a political aide. For love interest, rancher's daughters, schoolmarms and barroom maidens were overshadowed by young Latin women desired by dangerous men, where actresses like Nicoletta Machiavelli or Rosalba Neri carried on Marianne Koch 's role of Marisol in the Leone film. In the beginning some films mixed some of these new devices with the borrowed US Western devices typical for most of the —64 Spaghetti Westerns. Parolini made some more Sabata movies while Giuliano Carnimeo made a whole series of Sartana films with Garko. Even though it is hinted at in some films, like Django Kill and Requiescant , open homosexuality plays a marginal part in Spaghetti Westerns. This film concerns oppression of poor Mexicans by rich Anglos and ends on a call for arms but it does not fit easily as a Zapata Western. Likewise, and in contrast to the contemporary German Westerns, few films feature Indians. In Leone's film Eastwood's character is an unshaven bounty hunter, dressed similarly to his character in A Fistful of Dollars , who enters an unstable partnership with Mortimer, an older bounty killer who uses more sophisticated weaponry and wears a suit Lee Van Cleef. In the former and partly the latter, the sex scenes feature coercion and violence against women. His treachery is exposed and he is severely beaten, but in the end he defeats the remaining gang. But it is my film". Most succeeding Spaghetti Westerns tried to get a ragged, laconic hero with superhuman weapon skill, preferably one who looked like Clint Eastwood: Whoever the hero was, he would join an outlaw gang to further his own secret agenda, like in A Pistol for Ringo , Blood for a Silver Dollar , Vengeance Is a Dish Served Cold , Payment in Blood and others, while Beyond the Law instead has a bandit infiltrate society and become a sheriff. For example, in Sergio Corbucci 's Minnesota Clay that appeared two months after A Fistful of Dollars , an American style "tragic gunfighter" hero confronts two evil gangs, one Mexican and one Anglo, and just as in A Fistful of Dollars the leader of the latter is the town sheriff. In fact, Duck, You Sucker! An Italian critic has compared these comedies to American Bob Hope vehicles. The main characters were played by Terence Hill and Bud Spencer , who had already cooperated as hero pair in the "old style" Spaghetti Westerns God Forgives The genre most identifiably American, the Western, seemed to be evolving into a new rougher form. Indicative of this film's influence on the Spaghetti Western style, Django is the hero's name in a plenitude of subsequent westerns. When they appear they are more often portrayed as victims of discrimination than as dangerous foes. The same can be said for The Price of Power , a political allegory where an American president is assassinated in Dallas by a conspiracy of Southern racists who frame an innocent Afro-American. For many critics, Sergio Leone 's films were part of the problem. Fury of Johnny Kid follows Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet , but again with a different ending — the loving couple leave together while their families annihilate each other. Since there is no real consensus about where to draw the exact line between Spaghetti Westerns and other Eurowesterns or other Westerns in general one cannot say which one of the films mentioned so far really was the first Spaghetti Western.
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