Depending on context, a name may need to be qualified to make it clear what the name refers to. Triggers, stored procedures, and views are scheduled for implementation in the future. If you're using a SELECT statement that refers to only one table, that table is implicit for every column reference in the statement. For the first edition of this book, the list of missing features included transactions, subselects, foreign keys, and referential integrity. SQL keywords and function names. Our lawyers have asked us to point out that no DBAs were harmed in the making of the post! Regardless of whether or not a database or table name is case sensitive on your system, you must refer to it using the same lettercase throughout a given query. For example, if you create two tables named abc and ABC on a UNIX server where those names are treated differently, you would have problems moving the tables to a Windows machine; there, abc and ABC would not be distinguishable because names are not case sensitive. That would make it impossible to move the table to UNIX, because filenames on that platform cannot contain slashes. Windows filenames are not case sensitive, so a server running on Windows does not treat database and table names as case sensitive. If you select a database with a USE statement, that database becomes the default database and is implicit in every unqualified table reference. One way to avoid having case sensitivity properties become an issue is to pick a given lettercase for example, lowercase and always create databases and tables using names in that lettercase.
Again events can be processed out of order and it is possible for multiple sessions to be active at the same time. They can be given in any lettercase. First, you cannot use the '. In certain situations the result of the IF statement will change within a single query as the updates are made, leading to inconsistent data. That's probably because for many or most applications, those features don't matter. For the first edition of this book, the list of missing features included transactions, subselects, foreign keys, and referential integrity. For example, if you create two tables named abc and ABC on a UNIX server where those names are treated differently, you would have problems moving the tables to a Windows machine; there, abc and ABC would not be distinguishable because names are not case sensitive. If sampdb is the default database, the following statements are equivalent: Then case of names won't be a problem if you move a database to a different server. Similarly, if a query uses multiple tables and refers to a column name that is present in more than one table, it's necessary to qualify the name with a table name to make it clear which column you mean. Updates to this table should only be made if the session is newer, or if the session is the same and the event is newer. The form of names also depends on the context in which you use them. This section describes the syntax rules for referring to databases, tables, columns, indexes, and aliases. To refer to a column, there are three choices: As a result, case sensitivity of database and table names depends on the way the operating system on that host treats filenames. That is not true for SQL keywords, function names, or column and index names, all of which can be referred to in varying lettercase style throughout a query. To make this work it is necessary evaluate the IF condition once, before any updates occur, and to store the result in a user defined variable that can be referenced in the rest of the query. For example, with this table: Aliases can be fairly arbitrary, but you should quote an alias within single or double quotes if it is a SQL keyword, is entirely numeric, or contains spaces or other special characters. The UNIX pathname separator is disallowed on Windows and vice versa to make it easier to transfer databases and tables between servers running on different platforms. Depending on context, a name may need to be qualified to make it clear what the name refers to. It's necessary to qualify names only when a table or database cannot be determined from context. The following statements are equivalent: You can specify an alias in any lettercase upper, lower, or mixed , but you must refer to it elsewhere in the query using the same case. The following queries are equivalent: Names for databases, tables, columns, and indexes can be up to 64 characters long.
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